It is common for all types of succulent plants to be wrongly called cactus. Another common serious mistake is that all these species are thought to be desert plants. Another mistake is that only Sedum and Echeveria and similar species are considered succulent (ie some people refer to them only as succulent). However, Christmas cacti, all types of cacti, pasha sword, yuka, wax flower and even orchids and such as the guzmania Bromelyad species are definitely succulent featured plants.
The main characteristics of succulent plants are that they can store water and nutrients in different styles and use them in dry periods which last for months. Some of them in the body, some of the leaves, some branches, some of the roots do the storage. Other general features are that different types of photosynthesis are different (most of the succulent plants ⇒ have Krasula acid metabolism).
Soil Mixing Materials
If you can not find the ready bag is suitable soil. But instead of thoroughly washed cleaned sand can also be used. Never use perlite. Only pumice or similar lava stones can be used. In some mixtures chestnut soil is recommended (minimizes the risk of root decay). If it cannot be found, use dry tea and tea pulp instead. Do not use coconut fibers. Because these fibers together with sand and pumice in the soil mixture, it makes the soil more hollow and gives the best possibility to grow rapidly and rapidly to the roots or cottony lice. If you want to use it, cut the fibers as quickly as possible by cutting them with scissors.
Soil mix for desert plants
Unfortunately, there is not a single type of desert property, and thus desert plants cannot be given a single type of soil description. There are even desert, sandy and even clayey, nutritious alluvial desert lands. So find out from the experts in the soil of your desert plant or find out about their home country and how they live. So whether it is in the soil, in the soil, or in the soil, or in the cliffs .. Also no desert plants can live in the desert sand alone. Let’s know that. Even if you see it in the sand, make sure the roots are tied to the soil below.
For the desert and semi-desert plants of the arid soil, the soil of any field or garden that is highly fertile or well-fertile without heavy clay is very suitable. If these species will be grown in pots, pumice and sand should be mixed in the soil. Rates:
4 metric soil + 1 metric gear sand + 1 metric pumice stone
Lithops, a plant that lives on rocky (like Adenium) and plants of the salt-mineral soils of cold deserts, require more airy, extra-lean and fast-drying soil. But the mixture needs to be rich by minerals and elements. For this purpose, it is better to use it in a mixture of natural red soil sieve and the remaining water-insoluble mini rock pieces. Rates should be:
3 metric soil + 1 measure of various rock cuttings + 1 measure of gear sand + 1 measure pumice stone
Aloe vera, which is unique to rocky terraces in the hot and sandy deserts around Sudan – Yemen, as well as in the Mediterranean climate following the Mediterranean climate is the same.
Soil mixture suitable for forest succulents
I divide them into four groups:
1. For Christmas and Easter cacti, Atlas cacti and Disocactus species: The natural species of these species live on trees, not on the forest floor. The soil should be light, airy and slightly humus. The substances to be used in the mixture and their proportions:
1 part humusous natural soil (if you can’t find it in ready bag soil) + 1 part chestnut manure (if you can’t find unused dry tea) + 1 measure gear sand or small grain pumice
2. Orchids: Most Phalaenopsis orchids are sold in the pots for salons and offices. They are grown only in pine bark clippings. But I recommend you to mix it with pumice stone in home environments. Decreases the risk of root decay. Rates:
2 measure pine shells + 1 measure pumice stone
3 – Bromitic epithelium: The roots in species such as red, greyhound and ephe are mostly intended to be attached. They provide water and nutrient needs from the leaves. For the health of your roots you must make a rather airy mixture. Rates and ingredients:
2 meter ready bag + 1 part tea pulp + 1 measure gear sand + 1 metric pumice stone
4- Hoya types can live as an epiphyte on the trees, both rooted in humus rich forest floor. Humus natural land soil alone is suitable. If you can’t find the ready bag soil alone, but less nutritious. The soil of Hoya species grown in home environments should be well-aired:
3 parts of soil soil (or ready bag soil) + 1 measure of gear sand + 1 meter pumice stone
Caution: The roots of the Hoya species are vulnerable to nematodes from the soil market. For this reason, natural humus soil should be pasteurized before being used. In addition, it is better to thoroughly wash and dry the gear sand before use.
Special soil for the Mediterranean climate
1. Suitable for all types of Sedum, Kalanchoe, Echeveria and similar species and also for soil types similar to Aloe, Gasteria and Haworthia species. But they need to make some different adjustments depending on whether they are grown outdoors or indoors.
a) Outside succulents: 3 parts of natural humus soil (if not ready bag soil) + 1 meter of sand
b) Indoor succulents: 3 parts of natural humus soil (if not ready bag soil) + 1 part of gear sand + 1 part of small grain pumice stone
2. Although the cacti are all of the same family, they are many species of irrelevant breeds and many different habitats. A general mixture of soils can be prepared as follows:
2 parts of natural humus soil (or ready bag earth) + 1 part chestnut soil (or tea pulp) + 1 measure gear sand + 1 size small grain pumice stone
Other succulent types
The parachute, etc. Sansevieria species, Euphorbia species, and Yucca species develop, and they become heavy and the soil of the root environment is trapped. You should do this carefully to make a soil mixture so that it does not cause dehydration and root rot:
4 parts of natural humus soil (or ready bag soil) + 1 measure of gear sand + 2 parts pumice stone.
Are natural fertilizers given to Succulent plants?
I can only and only recommend the worm manure. I would not recommend any of the other (cattle, sheep, goat, bat, bird) fertilizers. Because animal fertilizers contain more or less proportions of salt types, and the salt content of which is at least supposedly very salty may not be known. Some succulent species are compatible with saline so some are not compatible at all. Only use worm manure.